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Technological progress : 10 smartest cities in Africa

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Technological progress : 10 smartest cities in Africa

Smart cities are becoming crucial in addressing the swift urbanization and infrastructure hurdles confronting African cities. These smart cities prioritize enhancing connectivity, mobility, and accessibility through robust infrastructure development.

Smart cities : Meeting the challenge of urbanization in Africa

Smart cities are increasingly seen as crucial solutions to the rapid urbanization and infrastructure challenges confronting African cities. The Smart Cities in Africa program aims for inclusive and equitable development, encompassing affordable housing, social safety nets, and community initiatives to enhance living standards and reduce urban poverty. These projects also prioritize accessibility and universal design principles, ensuring that infrastructures and services are accessible to people of all ages and abilities.

Areas of focus when creating a smart city

Smart cities focus on developing digital infrastructures to improve connectivity, mobility and accessibility. This includes, among other things, investments in :

  • Transportation systems
  • Light rail networks
  • Traffic management solutions to reduce congestion
  • Digital infrastructure development

Smart cities prioritize sustainable urban planning practices to minimize environmental impact and enhance resource efficiency. This involves implementing green building standards, energy-efficient infrastructure, and sustainable water management systems to decrease carbon emissions and bolster resilience against climate change. Additionally, smart city designs incorporate urban green spaces like parks and rooftop gardens to improve air quality, mitigate heat island effects, and promote biodiversity.

Smart cities in Africa

At least a dozen smart cities in Africa are leading the charge in this technology-driven revolution, laying their foundations on advanced technological frameworks to improve the quality of life for their residents. These pioneering cities are setting a precedent for other African urban centers to emulate.

Cape Town

Cape Town shines as one of Africa’s leading cities, offering open access to all data collected from residents through its public data portal. Additionally, free internet access is provided on city buses. The city leverages real-time data to enhance disaster risk management, police operations, and fire and rescue services.


Kenya is making significant strides towards establishing a smart city with the development of Silicon Savannah Konza Techno City, a technology hub modeled after Silicon Valley. Located 60 kilometers from Nairobi, this ambitious project aims to integrate smart gadgets and sensors embedded in roads and structures. This infrastructure will facilitate optimized traffic management, improved communication services, and enhanced citizen engagement within the proposed satellite city.


Lagos, Nigeria, showcases a stunning skyline and a sophisticated urban landscape. Its vibrant culture fosters technological innovation, offering endless opportunities for its residents.


Abuja, epitomizing modern elegance, is boldly on its way to becoming a world-class smart city. It harmoniously blends urban sophistication with cutting-edge technology and aesthetic appeal.


As a pioneering smart city, Tunis captivates with its alluring charm. The city seamlessly blends tradition and innovation, offering its citizens a world of opportunities.


Rwanda’s Vision City project mirrors the technological advancements seen in other smart cities across Africa. Rooted in the need for housing, this significant development initiative aims to construct 4,500 homes in Kigali, accommodating approximately 25,000 people.


Rabat, the Moroccan city, stands as a beacon of intelligent urban design, seamlessly blending historical richness with modern progress. Its urban brilliance is built on principles of sustainability and digital innovation.

When comparing country-level data on Internet penetration, only two African nations surpass the global average: Morocco, boasting a penetration rate of 84.1 %, and Egypt, close behind with a rate of 71.9 %.


Algiers, Algeria, is emerging as a rising star due to its innovative urbanization initiatives. This metropolis, epitomizing refinement, strives to achieve a harmonious balance between modernity and nature.


Abidjan is advancing the narrative of African smart cities with a futuristic edge. Ongoing projects such as the metro line and other urban developments are fostering a vibrant urban renaissance, equipping residents with cutting-edge technologies. An investment surge across various sectors of the economy is driving the adoption of advanced technologies.


Cairo, Egypt, leads the way as the pioneer of smart cities in Africa. Fusing rich history with cutting-edge technology, Cairo is dedicated to enhancing the quality of life for its residents and forging a smart future.

The African network of smart cities

A dozen African cities are actively leveraging digital platforms to address both local and global challenges. Through collaboration and networking, these cities aspire to emerge as prominent digital leaders within their local contexts, emphasizing sustainability and responsibility.

This ambitious program is supported by AFD and overseen by the National Agency for Urban Renewal (ANRU). URBACT, a European program promoting sustainable urban development, has contributed its extensive experience working with over 1,000 cities across Europe over the past 18 years. This expertise is now being harnessed to assist a coalition of metropolises in developing countries.

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